Title

Impact of resistance training on sarcopenia in nursing care facilities: A pilot study

Date of this Version

12-13-2015

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Details

Citation only

Hassan, B.H., Hewitt, J., Keogh, J.W.L., Bermeo, S., Duque, G., Henwood, T.R. (2015, in press). Impact of resistance training on sarcopenia in nursing care facilities: A pilot study. Geriatric Nursing.

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2015 HERDC submission

© Copyright, 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved

ISSN

0197-4572

Abstract

The impact of progressive resistance training on sarcopenia among very old institutionalized adults was investigated. Residents of Nursing Care Facilities were included in a controlled trial of twice weekly resistance and balance exercise program for six months (Age: 85.9 ± 7.5 years, Time in care: 707.1 ± 707.5 days, N = 21 per group). Sarcopenia was measured based on the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People criteria. Of the recruited 42 participants, 35.7% had sarcopenia at baseline, with prevalence increasing in the control group post-intervention (42.9%–52.4%). Following training, the exercise group experienced a significant increase in grip strength when compared to controls (p = .02), and a within-group decrease in body mass index and increase in grip strength (p ≤ .007). Resistance and balance exercise has positive benefits for older adults residing in a nursing care facilities which may transfer to reduce disability and sarcopenia transition, but more work is needed to ensure improved program uptake among residents

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This document has been peer reviewed.