Measuring and comparing construction activity internationally
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The notion that there is a predictable relationship between construction and economic development was first put forward by Turin (1969) and subsequently developed by Drewer (1980). Since then, a body of construction industry development theory has been built on that literature, including Bon (1992, 2000), Crosthwaite (2000), Ofori and Han (2003), Ruddock and Lopes (2006) and Gruneberg (2009).
One would expect wealthier economies to have larger construction out-puts. Turin's suggestion, however, was that, as an economy grows, the proportion of construction in national output would increase until, at some point, it levels out. Bon (1992), using the same kind of data, but updated, suggested what has come to be known in the literature as the 'Bon Curve': that, as national output continues on a growth path, after a period of levelling out, construction will tend to decline as a proportion of national output.
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