Measures of affect dimensions
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Extract: One can capture different forms of affect depending on the instructions provided about timeframe. For example, ‘How you feel right now’ would measure momentary or fleeting emotional states, ‘How you have been feeling for the past week or past few weeks’ would measure longer-lasting mood states, and ‘How you feel in general’ would measure a disposition/trait construct. While transient emotional states are relatively brief episodes with clear onset and offset, mood states persist over a somewhat longer timeframe and tend to fluctuate within a narrower margin of intensity (Ekman, 1994). Mood states fall in-between transitory emotional states and more enduring dispositions/traits (Fisher, 1998). In the English lexicon, anger for example, is regarded as an emotional state, irritability/irascibility its longer-lasting mood equivalent, and hostility its enduring trait equivalent (Fernandez & Kerns, 2008). But these words are mere approximations of meaningful phenomena.
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