EASSC Publications

Date of this Version

7-1-2016

Document Type

Conference Paper

Abstract

The core principle of protocol and etiquette in modern diplomacy is Sovereign Equality. However, some exceptional cases of protocol and etiquette in modern diplomacy prove that the Principle of Sovereign Equality remains an elusive ideology; with an intrinsic sense of hierarchy evident in international relations.

The Principle of Sovereign Equality derives from the pursuit of equality and the denial of hierarchy. This paper attempts to argue that hierarchy among countries is an undeniable reality, and that hierarchy can have positive impacts. To optimally harness this inherent potential to impact positively on international relations, a new system needs to be designed that recognises the reality while protecting every country’s interest; thus preventing large states from intimidating small states.

The paper concludes by emphasizing the need to pursue balance between hierarchy and equality; power and right. Every country in the world should find its hierarchical position, no matter how big or small; weak or strong. The status of a country functionally corresponds with the international responsibility it may, and can, take. Thus, the rationale of hierarchy could refer to the power of a nation state as it relates to its capacity to bear a corresponding responsibility; not as it relates to its dominance as a hegemon.

现代外交中的礼宾礼仪核心原则是“主权平等”,然而,现代外交中的一些礼宾礼仪特例说明了主权平等原则依然是一个无法确定准确内涵或者说是一个概念模糊的意识形态,国际关系中存在着内在的等级性。

主权平等原则是追求平等与否则等级的结果,这篇论文尝试去说明等级是国家之间不可否认的现实,等级可以成为积极因素,由此,很有必要最大限度地利用这一固有的特质使之对国际关系产生积极影响。我们需要在承认现实的基础研究一种新的制度设计:一方面保护每一个国家利益,另一方面防止大国欺压小国。

论文的结论是应该追求一种平衡:等级与平等,权力与权利。每一个国家应该寻找到自己在国际社会中的位置,不管是大国还是小国,强国还是弱国。国家的地位是和其所愿意承担和能够承担的国际责任相适应的。大国之所以成为大国是指其担负的责任,而不是其实力主导的霸权与支配。

Journal, Book or Conference Title

East Asia Security Symposium and Conference 东亚安全座谈谈论会

Publication Details

Author information: Dr. Zhou Jiali is an Assistant Professor at China Foreign Affairs University and is Vice President of the Beijing Chapter of the Association of Image Consultant International. Zhou has published nearly thirty academic articles, three books and one book as second editor. Her main research interest is diplomacy, particularly the personal components of diplomacy such as diplomatic protocol and international etiquette, personal image building and the skill of interpersonal communication. Her doctoral dissertation on “Diplomatic Protocol” was the first of its type to be written in China.

Staff webpage: http://en.cfau.edu.cn/art/2016/11/25/art_2626_50164.html

E-mail address: lijiazhou@cfau.edu.cn

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This document has been peer reviewed.