EASSC Publications

Date of this Version

6-26-2015

Document Type

Conference Paper

Abstract

For the most part, the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) and its peoples are an uncomfortable fit in both the Chinese state and the China Dream. However, XUAR is an integral part of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). Therefore, the success of this initiative, and the China Dream, has increased the importance of this frontier region. No longer just a comfortable buffer zone between China and its neighbours, XUAR is now an important zone in China’s new Silk Road Economic Belt. However, alongside these developments instability within XUAR has been heightened. Terrorist incidents linked to the region have occurred in other parts of China, including Beijing, and the region has even attracted the attention of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). One key element in the rise of unrest across the region has been the disempowered development that occurred as a result of the former Great Western Development Scheme (GWDS), which was an earlier component of China’s ‘turn west’ strategy. Given the BRI in XUAR is currently following a similar economic development pattern to the GWDS, the stage is set for the BRI to further deepen human insecurity and economic disadvantage along ethnic lines across the region. This paper cautions that the increase of human insecurity and regional unrest poses serious challenges to the People’s Republic of China’s continental frontier and ultimately the ‘China Dream’.

摘要:不论是对中国还是“中国梦”来说,新疆维吾尔自治区及该地区的居民都令人感到有些别扭。但与此同时,新疆也是“一带一路倡议”中不可或缺的一部分。为了促进这个倡议以及“中国梦”的成功,新疆的重要性近年来大幅提高。它不再仅仅是中国与邻国之间的缓冲区,而且还成为了中国新的“丝绸之路经济带”的一个重要组成部分。然而,随着这些新的发展,新疆内部的不稳定性也在增加。包括北京在内的中国其他地区出现了与新疆有关的恐怖主义事件。该地区甚至吸引了伊拉克和黎凡特伊斯兰国(ISIL)的注意。导致这个地区出现动荡的一个关键因素,是之前“西部大开发”计划造成的被动式发展(西部大开发是中国早期“转型”战略的一个组成部分)。鉴于“一带一路倡议”与“西部大开发”计划的经济发展模式类似,“一带一路倡议”注定会进一步加剧该地区各民族之间的安全形势恶化和经济上的不利形势。本文提出警告,该区域安全形势恶化和动荡加剧将对中国大陆边境地区以及最终的“中国梦”构成严重的挑战。

Journal, Book or Conference Title

East Asia Security Symposium and Conference 东亚安全座谈谈论会

Publication Details

Author Information:

Anna Hayes is a Senior Lecturer in Political Science in the College of Arts, Society and Education at James Cook University. Anna is co-editor of three recent books: Inside Xinjiang: Space, place and power in China’s Muslim Far Northwest (Routledge 2016) with Michael Clarke; Migration and Insecurity: Citizenship and social inclusion in a transnational era (Routledge 2013) with Niklaus Steiner and Robert Mason; and Cultures in Refuge: Seeking Sanctuary in Modern Australia (Ashgate 2012) with Robert Mason. Her most recent research examines human insecurity and contested histories in Xinjiang, as well as the Uyghur-Australian community.

https://research.jcu.edu.au/portfolio/anna.hayes/

anna.hayes@jcu.edu.au

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This document has been peer reviewed.