China Foreign Affairs University, Beijing
July 1, 2016

The 2016 conference – Concentrations of Power: Geopolitical Security and Economic Stability – will focus on new research in fields such as diplomacy, global political economy, history, international conflict management, international relations, peace studies and strategic studies. Participants in this ongoing series of conferences represent numerous disciplines, and often employ inter-disciplinary methods in developing their research.

Concentrations of Power: Geopolitical Security and Economic Stability 权力集中:地缘政治安全与经济稳定

For China and its neighbours the present is increasingly burdened by apprehension. Geopolitical security and economic stability have previously been built symbiotically; as complimentary, within a liberalising rules-based global system. East Asia’s stability however is seemingly threatened by divergent state goals and changed economic trajectories. What are the goals of regional states and are they incompatible? Is the Thucydides Trap as a concept too simplistic to describe the more complex security picture in Asia?

目前,中国周边邻国的忧虑感日益增加。之前,地缘政治安全和经济稳定是相伴相生的;二者在以规则为基础的自由化全球体系中互为补充。然而,由于东亚各国的目标不尽一致,且经济情况出现变化,该地区表面上的稳定正在面临威胁。那么,这些国家的目标是什么,是否相互兼容?

China’s territorial claims in the South China Sea, for example, are being ventured, but are not unchallenged in practice or principal and may not be complimentary to its hitherto market economy. Does China risk creating the very outcome it seeks to avoid – a counter-balancing coalition of states that seek to hedge, dissuade or deter Chinese strategic power, and thus circumscribe China’s rise? The foreseen freedom of navigation exercises and the Philippines instigated case under the UNCLOS may be viewed as designed escalations of the use of power beyond the past cycles of unexpected crises and restoration of a status quo, or are they an entirely justified response to China’s nine dash line and island building?

例如,中国对南海的领土主张是一种冒险行为,但在现实中和原则上也都遭到了挑战,这种行为与中国着力发展的市场经济也是冲突的。中国的冒险行为是否会导致其努力避免的后果——即周边国家联合起来,共同制衡、劝阻或阻止中国的战略影响力,从而限制中国的崛起?南海自由通航和菲律宾利用联合国海洋法公约引起的争端,可以视为是超出原有的突发危机--恢复现状的周期现象,更加强调使用硬实力,还是对中国所谓的“九段线”和填海造地的正当回应呢?

Why is Japan revising its constitution? Why is the US maintaining military capacity in the ROK, and what are the ‘military capabilities needed for geopolitical security’? Are the rising military capabilities ‘needed’ for geopolitical security a threat to economic stability? It may be argued that these developments strengthen the established rules based international order, including the ‘hub and spokes’ security arrangements in Asia that has enabled the economic stability from which China has benefited, and which has enabled China’s rapid development.

为什么日本要修改宪法?为什么美国要维持在韩国驻军?什么是“维护地缘政治安全必要的军事能力”?这种军事能力是否对经济稳定构成威胁?一种可能的观点是,这些新的动态加强了以规则为基础的国际秩序,包括亚洲地区的“中心辐射”安全制度(其带来的经济稳定使中国从中受益,并获得快速发展)。

Scholarship from the Conference 本次会议出版的作品列表:

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Bridging the “Legitimacy Gap”: Pakistan and the CTBT

Samad Aftab, Bond University
Milena Arsic, Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet, Australia

China and the World, China-Australia Relations Survey

Xiao Tang, China Foreign Affairs University
Jonathan H. Ping, Bond University

Global “Civilization Politics” with "Civilization Value"

Hao Su, China Foreign Affairs University
Jiali Zhou, China Foreign Affairs University
Li Ding, China Youth University of Political Studies

How Chinese Leaders View Peace?: Mao Zedong versus Deng Xiaoping

Yue Cui, University of International Business and Economics

Human Security and the Chinese Dream

Anna Hayes, James Cook University, Australia

Maritime Strategic Issues of the East and South China Sea

Gaye Christoffersen, Johns Hopkins University

Pragmatism in China’s Foreign Policy: Operationalising pragmatism in international relations

Charles P C Rong, National University of Singapore

Re-telling the ‘China-Africa story’

Ilaria Carrozza, London School of Economics and Political Science

Responsibility and contribution as determinants of hierarchy: Rationalizing the principle of sovereign equality within diplomatic protocol and etiquette 作为决定因素的责任与贡献

Jiali Zhou, China Foreign Affairs University

The Chinese Dream: More Rhetorical than ‘Actionable’?

Dylan M H Loh, University of Cambridge