One central issue which interested ancient Chinese thinkers was how to regulate human relations and how to govern a country. The Confucianist school represented by Confucius and Mencius and the Legalist school represented by Han Fei both made brilliant expositions on the art of government.
"On two ancient Chinese administrative ideas: Rule of Virtue and Rule by Law,"
Culture Mandala: The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies: Vol. 5
, Article 7.
Available at: http://epublications.bond.edu.au/cm/vol5/iss1/7