From basic atomic and cellular structure to snowflakes, eyes, flowers, spider webs, tree rings to the solar system and spiral nebulae, mandalas abound in nature. The basic concept of the mandala, a circle and its centre, is also culturally abundant: though most notable within the Tibetan Mahayana tradition, mandalas are significant for the religious and secular lives of many peoples. They have for instance, long been identified in Native American art and medical practice (medicine wheels), particularly the sand mandalas of the Navajo.
"Encountering the mandala: the mental and political architectures of dependency,"
Culture Mandala: The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies:
2, Article 1.
Available at: http://epublications.bond.edu.au/cm/vol4/iss2/1