For many centuries, China has held herself to be the Middle Kingdom, and was a dominant regional power until the arrival of the European traders and colonialists around five hundred years ago. From a Chinese perspective, these colonial powers robbed her of her prestige among her tributary states, waged war upon her, subjected her to unfair treaties, addicted her people to opium, and annexed her land. Their presence precipitated an internal fracturing, and gave cause for the emergence of the Chinese Communist Party. This, in turn, gave rise to the civil war which resulted in the break away of Taiwan. In the process, China lost much. It is little wonder then, that with her re-emergent economic power, China is contemplating reclaiming her rightful place under Heaven.
"Adding wings to tigers: people's war in the South China Sea,"
Culture Mandala: The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies: Vol. 2
, Article 4.
Available at: http://epublications.bond.edu.au/cm/vol2/iss1/4