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Abstract

The gap that existed between China and Japan was closely related to China’s failure to modernise its legal system nearly a century ago. Adopting a comparative study, the author finds that the main causes of this failure were the corrupt leadership, the stable but tight regime of political power with the open and attractive interior structure of the ruling class, the frail capitalist economy, the conservative culture tradition and consolidatory domination of Confucianism, and the imperial court with highly demagogic theories against reforms.

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