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Abstract

This article describes four current provincial developments in civil, court-connected mediation within Canada. The nature of Canada’s constitution has resulted in civil court processes, and their linked dispute resolution initiatives, being organized on a province-by-province basis. Even though some statutes, such as the Divorce Act, 1985 are enacted by the federal government and apply throughout Canada, the Supreme Court (also known as the Superior Court or Court of Queen’s Bench) of each province has jurisdiction over most disputes, including divorce. For these reasons, an examination of mediation developments in Canada necessarily involves reviewing initiatives in several provinces.

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