The Regional Forest Agreement process was initiated by the Federal Government in the early 1990s in an attempt to defuse the political sensitivity of forest management decisions. It created a mechanism by which State and Federal governments could agree on the long-term management and use of forests, providing secure industry access while protecting environmental and cultural values. It is the largest inter-governmental natural resource planning process undertaken in Australia to date and as such serves as a useful case study for natural resource managers in Australia and elsewhere.

This article assesses the extent to which the Regional Forest Agreement process has achieved these goals.