In the Kalahari desert in Botswana and Namibia the Bushmen have lived traditional lives for many thousands of years. The lack of technological refinement belies a sophistication in dispute resolution practices which have evolved without courts and a formal state system and are suited to the needs of a collective hunter-gatherer society.
"A History of Alternative Dispute Resolution,"
ADR Bulletin: Vol. 7
, Article 3.
Available at: http://epublications.bond.edu.au/adr/vol7/iss7/3