Conflict resolution as a field is divisible into four general theoretical and practical schools. Each one is characterised by institutional arena, theory and methodology. The four schools are Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR), Public Policy Disputes, Analytic Conflict Resolution and Conflict Transformation/Reconciliation. Each school promises different outcomes and requires different value assumptions. The perspectives that these schools represent can be construed as lying along a continuum from total agreement to total enmity about the basic values and structures foundational to society.
"Mapping the peace and conflict fields – imagining the future,"
6, Article 1.
Available at: http://epublications.bond.edu.au/adr/vol7/iss6/1