Mandatory mediation is not frequently used in Sweden. This is also true with respect to the other Nordic countries. However, the mediation of labour disputes has a long-standing history in Sweden and many labour disputes must be mediated. Labour disputes are heard by a special institute, the National Mediation Office in Stockholm, which is not a part of the court system. Some landlord/tenant and intellectual property disputes must be mediated, and on 1 July 2002 an Act regarding mediation in criminal cases came into effect. The Paternity Act also specifies that the local Social Welfare Board shall provide an opportunity to the spouses or cohabitants to participate in conciliation discussions together with a professional social worker.
"Mediation in Sweden,"
5, Article 3.
Available at: http://epublications.bond.edu.au/adr/vol7/iss5/3