Effective as of 1 January 2000, the Federal Government of Germany has introduced legislation permitting all German states (Laender) to introduce mandatory court-connected mediation with respect to certain kinds of civil disputes.
"German law paves the way for mandatory mediation,"
ADR Bulletin: Vol. 2
, Article 2.
Available at: http://epublications.bond.edu.au/adr/vol2/iss9/2