It has been said that mediation is ‘practice in search of theory’, and the same can be said of other forms of ADR. What the phrase suggests is that, on the one hand, many forms of ADR do not have developed and widely accepted theoretical frameworks and, on the other, that there are many variations and adaptations in most forms of ADR practice.
"Good theory for good practice for good theory,"
ADR Bulletin: Vol. 2
, Article 2.
Available at: http://epublications.bond.edu.au/adr/vol2/iss5/2