Reflecting on two major conferences held in September 2009 at the LEADR conference, Kongress, and the 36th Australian Legal Convention around the same time, it appears that ADR in Australia might be going ‘back to the future’. Discussion of the 1970s concept of the ‘multi-door courthouse’ as a model for Australian courts in the 21st century and an acknowledgment of the enduring essence of the 1980s interestbased negotiation model at both conferences, created a curious sense of déjà vu — and raised the question: where do we go from here?