South African labour relations have tended to provide a backdrop for other struggles such as racial supremacy or hegemony as well as, ultimately, political liberation of the African masses. But the classic struggle between labour and capital first manifested itself in the gold mining industry in the early 1900s. This culminated in a miners’ strike in 1922 that took on the form of an armed insurrection and necessitated the government calling out the armed forces to restore order.